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Setiu Wetlands

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HABITAT

 

 

Setiu Wetlands consists of nine interconnected ecosystems – the sea, rivers, sandy beaches, estuaries, islands, mudflats, a lagoon, freshwater swamps and mangroves.

 

Four rivers feed the wetlands – Setiu, Chalok, Bari and Merang

 

14km-long inland sea lagoon.

 


Rich in animal life, Setiu Wetlands harbours 29 mammal species, 161 bird species as well as 36 reptilian and amphibian species but most importantly, it is home to the critically endangered painted and river terrapins.

 


River Terrapin

 

It is only in Setiu that one can find painted terrapins, river terrapins, and green turtles all in one area.

 

Parts of the Setiu coastal plain consists of beach ridges interspersed with swales, commonly known by its acronym, BRIS. Some of the village named after BRIS such as Kampung Beris Tok Ku.

 

Melaleuca Cajuputi

 

The gelam putih tree or Melaleuca Cajuputi grows well in BRIS areas, forming gelam or Melaleuca forest.
 

Bruguiera Hainesii

 


Bruguiera Hainesii

 

Cucur atap (Baeckea frutescens) has a tiny leaves and gnarled branches, a popular bonsai plant.

 

Pulau Layat, a mangrove-covered island in Setiu lagoon, the rare Bruguiera hainesii –IUCN Red List of Threatened species, this tree is listed as naturally rare, with small and scattered distribution. So far, only 200 trees are known to exist: 80 trees in Malaysia, 120 in Papua and three in Singapore. Locals call the tree berus mata buaya because of the large respiratory cells on its trunk.
 


Pokok Sarang Semut, Kepala Beruk) Hydnophytum formicarum

 

Pulau Telaga Tujuh, ant plants (Pokok Sarang Semut, Kepala Beruk) Hydnophytum formicarum hang from almost every tree. Sometimes as many as four or five adorn a single branch. Ant plants live in a mutualistic association with a colony of ants. They provide nectar and space for the ants, which in return protect them against herbivores.

 

Rumput Kerecut

The presence of rare plants indicates the health of Setiu mangroves.

   

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